An audit of the 2012 amendments to the state’s Access to Public Records Act (APRA) shows that a number of state agencies and municipal departments, in particular the police, apparently are in violation of the changes to the law. In addition, enforcement of parts of the law appears to be weak or nonexistent.
The audit was conducted by two organizations dedicated to transparency in government: ACCESS/RI, a coalition of local non-profit organizations and First Amendment advocates including the ACLU of Rhode Island, and MuckRock, a collaborative news site and public records request platform. A piece of the audit on the certification by the Office of the Attorney General of employees in the state and local agencies to handle open records requests was released in late July.
The audit released today found:
- Dozens of agencies violated the 10 business day response window when asked for routine documents such as employee contracts and arrest reports.
- More than half of police departments (20 out of 39) failed to provide basic arrest information within 48 hours as required under the 2012 APRA revisions.
- More than a third of government agencies surveyed failed to meet APRA training and certification requirements for 2014.
- Most agencies have adopted written APRA procedures, but nearly a quarter have not posted these procedures online as required by the statute.
All 39 cities and towns and 24 state agencies, representing a cross section of public and quasi-public agencies, were audited. The audit contains summaries for each along with graphs and charts, making it easy to find out how your local community or a state agency fared. Links to the report's executive summary and appendices are below.
The audit also includes a number of recommendations to ensure compliance with the law. They include:
- The Attorney General’s office must enhance its oversight by posting publicly a list of those public bodies that do not comply with the certification requirement in the first month of the year.
- There should be a strong presumption that any public body without APRA-certified employees is deemed to have engaged in a knowing and willful violation of the law. Such a finding by the Superior Court is necessary for a fine of up to $2,000 to be imposed against the public body or agency.
- The Attorney General’s office should follow up with those agencies that have not complied with the training and certification requirement by the first of the year and seek ways to address the compliance standard.
- The Attorney General’s office should collaborate with the police departments to develop a legally adequate police log form.
- The Office of the Attorney General which is responsible for enforcing APRA must become more aggressive in seeking penalties against violators.
- The leaders responsible for the agencies identified in this audit that have failed to adopt written APRA procedures ought to ensure that such procedures are developed immediately.
- The General Assembly should consider further reforms to APRA to strengthen compliance, such as creating penalties for non-compliance that would accrue on a daily basis and otherwise increasing the fines against violators, and authorizing courts to award compensatory and punitive damages to successful plaintiffs in public records cases.
- The results of the audit also raise the question of the effectiveness of Rhode Island’s current enforcement protocol, which relies on the Office of the Attorney General to enforce the APRA against fellow state agencies. A highly successful alternative system in our neighboring state of Connecticut instead charges an independent commission, the Connecticut Freedom of Information Commission, with overseeing public records disputes.
Access President Linda Lotridge Levin said, “A culture of indifference — if not outright hostility — to the public’s right to know is a key reason for the less-than-stellar results detailed in this audit. Too many agencies appear to consider complying with open records requests a burden rather than what it actually is and should be — a core mission of their agency. Thus, it is incumbent on state agency directors, mayors, town clerks, police chiefs, school district superintendents and the heads of all other public bodies to make clear to personnel that compliance with APRA is a priority, to emphasize the critical importance of transparency, and to reverse a deep-rooted attitude of secrecy that seems embedded in too many agencies.”
ACCESS/Rhode Island is a 501(c)(3) coalition of non-profit organizations and First Amendment advocates in the state dedicated to ensuring that government at all levels be accessible to the public. Founded in 1996, ACCESS/RI stands for “All Citizens Committed to Ending Secrecy within our State.” Member organizations have included the Rhode Island Press Association, the Rhode Island ACLU, Rhode Island Common Cause, the Rhode Island League of Women Voters and the Rhode Island Library Association along with journalism professors, television journalists and other First Amendment advocates.
Members of the board of ACCESS/RI are Steven Brown, executive director, ACLU of Rhode Island; Joseph V. Cavanagh, First Amendment attorney, Blish and Cavanagh, Providence; Rosanna Cavanagh, attorney and representative of the New England First Amendment Coalition; Jane W. Koster, president, Rhode Island League of Women Voters; Linda Lotridge Levin, professor emeritus, journalism, the University of Rhode Island and ACCESS/RI president; John Marion, executive director, Rhode Island Common Cause; and Tim Murphy, assistant managing editor for public policy, The Providence Journal.
- Full Audit
- Executive Summary
- Summary Tables
- Appendix A - MuckRock URL index
- Appendix B - AG APRA certification logs
- Appendix C - State agency APRA procedures
- Appendix D - Municipal records APRA procedures
- Appendix E1 - Police APRA procedures
- Appendix E2 - Police APRA procedures
- Appendix F - School district APRA procedures